Fiction by Tracy Chevalier.
This book makes a fictionalized account of real people in nineteenth century England, and a woman who made remarkable strides in science but received very little credit for doing so. At the center of the story is Mary Anning, a girl with a knack for finding fossils.
As with all of Tracy Chevalier's novels, this book makes the people of history come alive for the reader. I also recently read The Last Runaway, which was even better than Remarkable Creatures.